Female genital mutilation is also called female circumcision.
Female genital mutilation can be done in different ways:
- Partly or totally removing the visible part of the clitoris (type 1);
- Partly or totally removing the clitoris and the labia (type 2);
- Sewing together the labia so that there is only a small opening through which urine and blood can leave the body (type 3).
- All other harmful acts to the visible sexual organs of the woman, such as pricking, piercing, incising, scraping and cauterization.
Female genital mutilation is done for cultural reasons.
Female genital mutilation is very dangerous to the health of women and girls. Some of them bleed to death. It can also lead to:
- anxiety, stress, trauma and sometimes even shock;
- infections and diseases;
- pain during the menstrual period and while urinating;
- a higher risk of STIs and HIV;
- painful and complicated delivery for both mother and child;
- painful sexual intercourse and less sexual desire.
Female genital mutilation is illegal in Europe. It is forbidden by law.
If you have undergone female genital mutilation or you fear that this will be done to you, contact a specialised organisation. They will be able to help you.